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Timeline 1860-1879
by YonderDays


1860

  • Baseball becomes popular in New York and Boston.
  • British Open Golf Championship started.
  • Christopher Sholes, American inventor invents a typewriter.
  • The Pony Express makes its first run.
  • 1861

  • Kansas becomes a state of U.S.
  • Washington Peace Convention tries to establish peace within the Union but Congress of Montgomery forms Confederate States of America with Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, and South Carolina.
  • Abraham Lincoln inaugurated 16th President of U.S.
  • Confederates take Fort Sumter. The outburst of the Civil War begins.
  • Confederate victory at Bull Run.
  • Dickens' "Great Expectations" published.
  • Daily weather forecasts begin in Britain.
  • U.S. introduces passport system.
  • The Telegraph service begins to take the place of the Pony Express.
  • 1862

  • Union army capture Roanoke, Island, Fort Henry, Fort Donelson, Jacksonville and New Orleans.
  • Sept. 22 - "Emancipation Proclamation" - eff. Jan. 1, 1863 all slaves held in revolting territory to be free.
  • 1863

  • West Virginia becomes a state of U.S.
  • Arizona and Idaho established as U.S. territories.
  • President Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation Jan. 1.A Confederate victory at Chancellorsville, Va.
  • Travellers Insurance Company founded in Hartford, Conn.
  • Roller skating introduced to U.S.
  • Joe Coburn wins American boxing championship at Charleston, Md.
  • National Academy of Sciences founded in Washington, C.D.
  • 1864

  • Gen. Ulysses S. Grant succeeds Gen. Halleck as Commander-in-Chief of Union armies.
  • Fen. Sherman marches his army through Georgia defeats Confederates at Atlanta, and occupies Savannah.
  • Abraham Lincoln re-elected President of U.S.
  • U.S. Army massacres Cheyenne and Arapaho at Sand Creek, Colorado Territory.
  • Territory of Montana established in U.S.
  • Nevada becomes a state of U.S.
  • In New York City Confederate agents set fire to Barnum Museum and Astor House.
  • Knights of Pythias founded in Washington, D.C.
  • The words "In God We Trust" appears on U.S. coins for first time.
  • Louis Pasteur develops pasteurizing method for wine and later for milk.
  • 1865

  • Richmond, Va. Surrenders to Gen. Grant.
  • April 9 - Confederate States of America surrenders at Appomattox, Va.
  • April 14 - President Lincoln assassinated.
  • Jefferson Davis, President of Confederate States of America captured and put in prison.
  • Civil War in U.S. ends.
  • May 26 - Surrender of last Confederate army at Shreveport, La.
  • Thirteenth Amendment to U.S. Constitution abolishes slavery.
  • Pasteur's cure for silkworm disease is successful and it saves the French silk industry.
  • First Carpet sweeper is used.
  • Ku Klux Klan founded at Pulaski, Tenn.
  • First train holdup occurs at North Bend, Ohio.
  • An explosion of "Sultana" on Mississippi River kills 1700 people.
  • First paid firefighters est. in New York City.
  • 1866

  • Lodge Ridge Trail, Wyoming the Sioux massacre Fetterman command.
  • Long drive of cattle begins from Texas to Kansas and Nebraska.
  • 1867

  • Nebraska becomes a state of U.S.
  • Russia sells Alaska to U.S. of $7,200,000.
  • Gold discovered in Wyoming,USA.
  • American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) est.
  • 1868

  • U.S. President Johnson impeached for violating Tenure-of-Office Act but he is acquitted by the Senate.
  • Revolution in Spain. Queen Isabella II flees to France.
  • L.M. Alcott's "Little Women" published.
  • P.D. Armour opens a meat-packing factory in Chicago.
  • Seventh Cavalry massacres Cheyennes at Washita, western Oklahoma.
  • U.S. signs treaty with Sioux at Fort Laramie, Wyoming.
  • U.S. signs treaty with Nez Perce.
  • Christopher Sholes invents the first practical typewriter in Pennsylvania.
  • 1869

  • Gen. Ulysses S. Grant inaugurated as 18th President of U.S.
  • First U.S. woman lawyer, Arabella Mansfield admitted to Iowa bar.
  • 1870

  • Revolt in Paris.
  • Italians enter Rome and claim it their capital city.
  • Charles Dickens dies (b. 1812).
  • Jules Verne's "Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea" published.
  • Gen. Robert E. Lee, of the Confederate army dies (b.1807).
  • A cartoon of a donkey is used to symbolize the Democratic Party in U.S.
  • 1871

  • Italian Law of Guarantees allows the pope to have possession of Vatican.
  • "The Greatest Show on Earth" P.T. Barnum's circus opens in Brooklyn, N.Y.
  • Population: Germany 41 million; U.S. 39 million; Ireland 5.4 million; Italy 26 million.
  • White Star Line launched S.S. "Oceanic" the first of the large modern luxury liners.
  • Indian Appropriation act nullifies all treaties.
  • Chicago is devastated by a out of control fire.
  • 1872

  • Grant reelected President of U.S.
  • Jules Vern's "Around the World in 80 Days" published.
  • Yellowstone National Park est.
  • Mark Twain's "Roughing It" pub.
  • 1873

  • Jacob Davis and Levi Strauss patent blue jeans.
  • Barbed wire invented.
  • 1874

  • H. Solomon introduces pressure-cooking methods for canning foods in the U.S.
  • Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children founded by E.T. Gerry in New York.
  • A cartoon of an elephant symbolizes the Republican Party in U.S.
  • 1875

  • Han Christian Andersen, famous author dies.
  • Mark Twain's "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer" published.
  • Rioting takes place in San Franciso against the Chinese.
  • 1876

  • First tennis tournament in U.S.
  • Gen. Custer and his men are wiped out at the Little Bighorn.
  • Colorado becomes a state of U.S.
  • First Electric street lighting in U.S.
  • Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone.
  • 1877

  • Russia declares war on Turkey.
  • First public telephones in U.S.
  • Frozen meat is shipped from Argentina to Europe for the first time.

    Bib: The Readers Companion To American History. Boston
    The Time Tables of History. New York.
    Lexicon Univ. Ency. New York.


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