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Timeline 1840-1859
by YonderDays


1840

  • Queen Victoria of Great Britain marries Prince Albert.
  • Ashes of Napoleon I deposited at the Invalides, Paris.
  • James Fenimore Cooper's "The Pathfinder" becomes a bestseller.
  • 1841

  • William Henry Harrison, 9th President of U.S. dies one month after his inauguration (b. 1773).
  • John Tyler vice president succeeds President Harrison to become 10th President of U.S.
  • U.S.S. "Creole" carrying slaves from Virginia to Louisiana is seized by the slaves and sails to Nassau where they become free.
  • New Zealand becomes British colony.
  • Barnum opens the "American Museum" in New York City exhibiting his freak shows.
  • Tom Hyer, American boxer becomes first recognized champion.
  • Population: America 17 million; Ireland 8 million; Great Britain 18.5 million.
  • "The New York Tribune" appears.
  • First university degrees are granted to women in U.S.
  • 1843

  • W.H. Ainsworth's "Windsor Castle" novel published.
  • Charles Dickens' "Martin Chuzzlewit" and "A Christmas Carol" published.
  • Dorothea Dix, American social reformer gives Congress a report exposing terrible conditions in prisons and asylums.
  • S.F.B. Morse gets a grant from Congress ($30,000) to build the first telegraph line from Washington to Baltimore.
  • "Le Bal des Anglais," the world's first nightclub opens in Paris.
  • Sequoya, Cherokee leader and inventor of the Cherokee alphabet dies (b.ca.1770).
  • Skiing becomes a sport in Norway.
  • 1844

  • First public bath houses open in Liverpool, England.
  • Fredrich Gottlob Keller invents wood-pulp paper.
  • 1844

  • U.S. Senate rejects Texas annexation plan.
  • Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) founded in England by George Williams.
  • 1845

  • Texas and Florida become states of the U.S.
  • James K. Polk inaugurated as 11th President of U.S.
  • Andrew Jackson dies.
  • U.S. Naval Academy opens in Annapolis, Md.
  • 1846

  • Revolts break out in Poland.
  • Iowa becomes a state of U.S.
  • Hans Christian Andersen's autobiography "Fairy Tale of My Life" published.
  • John Horseley designs first painted Christmas card.
  • Famine in Ireland due to failure of potato crop causing a mass emigration to U.S.
  • 1847

  • Charlotte Bronte's "Jane Eyre" published.
  • Emily Bronte's "Wuthering Heights" published.
  • 1848

  • Revolt breaks out in Paris.
  • Revolution in Vienna
  • Wisconsin becomes a state of U.S.
  • First settlers arrive in New Zealand.
  • Gold discoveries take place in Sutter's Mill, California.
  • Chinese are brought to U.S. to work in California gold mines.
  • First women's rights convention held in Seneca Falls, N.Y.
  • 1849

  • Zachary Taylor inaugurated as 12th President of U.S.
  • Charles Dickens' "David Copperfield" published.
  • Edgar Allan Poe, American poet dies(b.1809).
  • Gold prospectors rush to California.
  • 1850

  • U.S. President Zachary Taylor dies. Millard Filmore becomes the 13th president.
  • California becomes a state of U.S.
  • Population of U.S. 23 million.

    1851

  • Cuba declares its independence.
  • James Fenimore Cooper, American novelist dies.
  • Hawthorne's "House of Seven Gables" published.
  • Herman Melville's "Moby Dick" published.
  • First double-decked bus introduced.
  • "The New York Times" appears.
  • 1852

  • The Duke of Wellington dies.
  • The U.S. imports sparrows from Germany to fight against an outbreak of caterpillars.
  • Wells Fargo and Co. founded.
  • 1853

  • Alexander Wood uses hypodermic syringe for injections.
  • Queen Victoria is given chloroform during the birth of her seventh child ensuring Britain that it is a safe procedure.
  • First railroad through the Alps.
  • Vaccination against smallpox is made mandatory in Britain.
  • 1854

  • Republican Party formed in U.S.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act takes Indian Territory for U.S.
  • 1855

  • Czar Nicholas I of Russia dies. Succeeded by Alexander II.
  • Longfellow's "The Song of Hiawatha" published.
  • Walt Whitman's "Leaves of Grass" published.
  • London sewers are improved after outbreak of cholera.
  • Florence Nightingale introduces hygiene into military hospitals.
  • Paris World Fair.
  • 1857

  • James Buchanan inaugurated as 15th President of U.S.
  • Irish Republican Brotherhood founded.
  • 1858

  • The Virgin Mary is reported to appear to Bernadette Soubirous at Lourdes, France.
  • National Association of Baseball Players organized in America.
  • Minnesota becomes a state of U.S.
  • 1859

  • Oregon becomes a state of U.S.
  • Dicken's "A Tale of Two Cities" published.
  • Baseball Club of Washington, D.C. organized.
  • Bib: The Readers Companion To American History. Boston
    The Time Tables of History. New York.
    Lexicon Univ. Ency. New York.


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